By: Kelcy N.
Dicitonary.com defines an engineer as one who is trained and skilled in the design, construction and use of machines, or in any of the various branches of engineering. The field of engineering is wide open, especially to ambitious young women and girls interested in math, science and technology. In a male-dominated field such as engineering, it is important for girls to know about all the resources and opportunities available to them. Whether you’re 12 or 17, if you have any interest in how things work, computers or robotics, this article can tell you all about the different types of engineers you could be!
I’ve wanted to be an engineer since I was about 14, when I joined my school’s Remotely Operated Vehicle Team (ROV). We built an underwater robot that must complete a specific set of tasks in an allotted time period. The robot had to complete the tasks at various regional and international competitions. Joining this club really sparked my interest in robotics and more importantly engineering. I have now been involved in ROV for three-years and it has completely changed my career path. Until joining ROV, I knew I wanted to be a writer, but now all I want to do was learn more about robotics and computers.
My new found love of engineering was pushed one step further when my school called this past summer and asked if I’d like to be part of a brand new program and internship called the Southwire Engineering Academy. Southwire, for those who do not know, is North America’s leading manufacturer of wire and cable used in the distribution transmission of electricity. Southwire was founded in Carrollton, Georgia (Where I live!) and its corporate base is located there today. Southwire is home to some of the country’s best engineers in the electrical distribution business, and I was given the opportunity to intern there every other day for school! I was so excited!
At our orientation for the internship, my fellow internees and I had the opportunity to eat lunch and chat with some of the engineers we would be working with for the next year. I had the pleasure of sitting with Mrs. Carol Godfrey, a marketing and product development employee for Southwire. Mrs. Godfrey graduated from Auburn University with a degree in industrial engineering. She informed us that she doesn’t work on engineering projects much now since her main focus is the business aspect of the company. I asked her what she thought about women in the engineering field and she said that it is such an important aspect right now and that the engineering field is wide open for women because there are so few women and girls interested.
Mrs. Godfrey is an industrial engineer, but there are so many other types of engineers including:
- Mechanical engineer-uses mechanics and energy principles to design machines
- Chemical engineer-uses petroleum and polymers to create everyday items
- Electrical engineer-works with power plants, computers and other electrical devices
- Environmental engineer-work on technology used to reduce pollution and waste
- Nuclear engineer-designs, develops and controls plants that use nuclear energy for fuel and medical purposes
- Ocean engineer-directs the exploration and utilization of underwater resources
These are just a few of the awesome engineering careers available to girls and women.
My internship at Southwire is just beginning and I can’t you exactly what projects I’m working on due to nondisclosure agreements, but I can tell you that the people I’m working with (including six other girls!) all have the same passion I do for this field, and I strongly encourage any girl interested in any of this to ask your school or local businesses about possible engineering programs! You never know what could happen; you might just make a career out of it!
For more information on ROV and its presence in today’s engineering fields visit: http://www.marinetech.org/rov_competition/
For more information on Southwire visit: http://www.southwire.com/
If any of you have questions about the field, feel free to email GiGi and the rest of the LGG staff at email@example.com. We’d love to help you!
By: Liz W.
All photos by: LGG Reporter: Elizabeth W.
Many young girls today think of science, technology, engineering and math as being things that only boys do. Sadly, this idea is supported by most statistics. For example, only 30-35% of Georgia Tech students are female, and the majority of scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are male. Seeing this, girls grow up with the idea that they shouldn’t be good at those things, and never allow themselves a chance to explore and discover areas that they may end up enjoying.
The Girl Scouts of Greater Atlanta’s S.T.E.M. expo was held to change that. One thousand girls came to learn, explore and discover their own potential in science, technology, engineering and math. Exhibitors such as Microsoft, the CDC, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Lockheed Martin, and Georgia Tech College of Computing came to teach girls about women’s roles in these fields.
Girls build a tower out of straws.
The expo was held at the Georgia World Congress Center on a chilly October day. During setup, lasers, laptops, airplane models and a robot the size of a small refrigerator were to be seen being brought in, or, in the robot’s case, whirling around the room in inanimate pleasure. Ten o’clock came and the doors were opened to 1,000 girls that would come during the six hour expo. They learned, explored, discovered and had fun changing the stereotype that boys enjoy science, technology, engineering and math more than girls.
About the Exhibitors
The CDC is a federal agency headquartered in Atlanta with offices all around the nation and world. Twelve to fifteen thousand people are employed by the CDC, and the majority of them are female. However most of those females work as public health specialists, and the majority of scientists are male. Along with the scientists, men make up most of the CDC’s leadership. Yvonne Green, RN, CNM, MSN and Tanya Telfair Sharpe, PhD, MS came to the expo, showing that women can be just as influential as men. Both women hold leadership positions in the CDC. Tanya Telfair Sharpe, PhD, MS has worked for the CDC for eleven years and is a deputy director. Yvonne Green, RN, CNM, MSN has worked for the CDC for over twenty years and has been the director of the Office of Women’s Health since 1999. They agree that the CDC’s leadership is an area to improve women’s influence.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), another federal agency, was also present at the expo. Its purpose is to protect people’s health and the environment through its divisions, such as the air and water divisions. The EPA hires environmental scientists, engineers, chemists and biologists, and of its 15,000 employees, the majority are women. Women’s influence is evident in the EPA; region four, the largest region and the one Georgia is a part of, is governed by a female regional administrator.
Among the many women who came to support girls’ education in science, technology, engineering and math were Dr. Jackson, a professor at the Spelman College of Chemistry, Jacqueline Howell, a chemist and co-leader of Troop 1687, and Yvette Cordero, a Lockheed Martin employee for fourteen years. Cordero works in business ventures and says that Lockheed Martin wants to get girls involved in S.T.E.M. fields. Lockheed Martin is an American aeronautics company that supplies both the US government and governments of other nations with airplanes and jets. It hires all types of engineers, such as mechanical, aerospace, electrical, nuclear, software and systems engineers. Lockheed Martin’s presence at the expo taught girls about careers in engineering as well as high school plans that will set them up for success.
Also present at the expo were the organizations Women in Engineering (WIE) and Women in Technology (WIT). WIE promotes S.T.E.M. by giving presentations to schools; this was their first Girl Scout event. Lisa Bronson, a member of WIT for eleven years, says that WIT is also very involved in promoting girls’ interest in S.T.E.M. WIT sponsors and coaches a high school girls robotics team.
In fact, several robotics teams showed off their inventions at the expo, showing girls just how cool technology can be. Wyatt O., Matthew T., Jonathan T., and Carlie S. from the Kell High School robotics team in Marietta brought their project from three years ago: a robot the size of a small refrigerator. It spun around the room, greeting girls as they came near. The girls also got a chance to practice using “the Force” on it, as robotics team members controlled it from behind a poster. Carlie S., a senior at Carlton J. Kell High School, has been on the robotics team for five years. She says that their team typically has around forty people on it, and about half of them are girls. The Kell Robotics website sums up the team’s purpose, with, “Our future depends on effective leaders that can creatively and ethically solve problems.”
Another visiting robotics team was the Girl Scout Troop 961 robotics team. Compromised of 4th and 5th graders, they are a fairly new team, with it being the girls’ first and second years on the team. The team summed up a robotics competition as: you build a robot that completes an assigned mission. The girls agreed that out of science, technology, engineering and math, technology is their favorite.
GSGATL’s robotics team’s latest project, the Cool Factor.
Of course, what’s a S.T.E.M. expo without the Girl Scouts of Greater Atlanta’s very own robotics team? The G.E.N.I.U.S. Robotics Team (Girls Exploring New Ideas Using Science) consists of five girls ages twelve to fourteen who have been together as a team for two years. The team knows what it’s like to apply their love of technology to real life. They won first place at the first two competitions they went to and again at the state competition at Georgia Tech, where they became the first all-girls team to win the state championship. The team went on to represent Georgia at the 2011 international robotics competition, where their project placed 21st in the world. This year’s project is called The Cool Factor, and it is a food cooler alarm system.
With all the things to try, people to meet, and fields to explore, girls who attended the S.T.E.M. expo hardly knew where to begin. There was the Kell robot dancing in the corner, paper airplane-making contests at the Lockheed Martin booth, experiments with cabbage and lava lamps, robot building and digging for fossils. At the Microsoft booth, two flat-screens were set up with X-Box Kinects for girls to have fun with, while over at the EPA table girls were trying on hazardous waste removal suits that someone working for the agency might wear. Girls explored the science of light using lasers at the Women in Engineering booth, investigated chromatography with chemist Jacqueline Howell, and made silly putty at a table run by Cadet Troop 2776.
Mykela M. and Crystal U. enjoy using a computer program called Scratch.
For Mykela M. and Crystal U. from Troop 3434 and Elena J. and Amelia M. from Troop 3454, the Georgia Tech College of Computing booth was among the best. There, dozens of computers were set up for girls to try their hand at computer programming. Girls built a car or animal out of Legos, wired it to their computer, and used a program called Scratch
to make it move. This booth was an especial favorite of fifth-grader Amelia, who would like to be a teacher or a “Lego robotics person” when she grows up. She says that out of the four S.T.E.M. subjects, science is the best.
On the Stage
Around 11:20, the girls were given a challenge. Groups of six were given a bag of straws and one yard of tape. Their task was to build the tallest tower that would support the weight of a tennis ball. For ten minutes, the groups tried, failed, and succeeded at building a straw structure that would remain standing. The winning group had quite a unique design.
Next up on the stage was a demonstration about the science of air with Big Thinkers Science Exploration. The scientist demonstrated lift in a fun way by using ping pong balls, balloons, and toilet paper. She also showed the flammability of ethanol and the shape of air. Her show concluded with her hover craft, a small disk that used a high-power blower to lift it off the ground, which several lucky girls got to ride on.
AT&T presents a check for $25,000 to the Girl Scouts of Greater Atlanta. Standing with the check is Troop 3426.
Just because a company isn’t directly associated with science, technology, engineering and math doesn’t mean it can’t support girls’ education in those areas. At the expo, AT&T presented the Girl Scouts of Greater Atlanta with a check for $25,000 for the purpose of supporting S.T.E.M. and girl leadership. AT&T employees Susan DeGrace and Cheryl Bobbit were pleased with the expo and were happy that girls are stepping up to the plate. DeGrace has worked for AT&T for 25 years and is a lead human resources generalist, and Bobbit has worked with the company for 33 years and is a manager of advertising.
More Expos to Come
Don’t worry if you missed out on the S.T.E.M. expo; it was only the first in a series of four. The two remaining expos are Greater Outdoors
on April 28, 2012 at Clayton State University, and Eat, Play, Girl Scout
on July 1, 2012. Whether you come to one or all of these expos, girls and adults alike are sure to have a great time and discover something they enjoy.
By: Allison B.
This summer, I went to a camp unlike your regular sleep away camp filled with activities like swimming and hiking. Instead I got to go to the Space Camp in Huntsville, Alabama! I had the best time building and launching model rockets, doing space shuttle missions, riding rides like the Space Shot and G-Force, learning about Space history, training like a real astronaut, and so much more. I learned a lot about NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) when an astronaut came and told us all about the training and missions he did, and I even got to shake his hand.
NASA has had many important missions, and its final space shuttle mission was “Atlantis”. This mission was the last shuttle to fly and bring supplies to the people at the ISS (International Space Station) on July 8-21, 2011. Guess what? A former girl scout, Sandy Magnus, was on it!!!
Sandy Magnus was born on October 30, 1964, in Belleville, Illinois. She enjoyed reading, soccer, cooking, travel, and water activities. She loved science, and wanted to be an astronaut from an early age, and finally that dream came true. She was a Girl Scout for a long time and truly respects the program. She even believes that the Girl Scout program helped her reach her dreams of becoming an astronaut. She has visited and been on long phone calls with Girl Scout troops, telling them to never give up on their dreams, and to teach them about space. Magnus says, “I think Girl Scouts is a great organization for teaching girls how to love learning and how to face new challenges!” She is a Mission Specialist and has been on many missions, has done over three spacewalks, has been in space for up to eight months, has accomplished 200 orbits of the earth, and has traveled 5,284,282 miles in 12 days, 18 hours, 27 minutes, and 56 seconds. She also has received many awards such as several team, teaching, and alumni awards, the NASA Space Flight Medal, and the Distinguished Service Medal.
Girl Scouts and girls in general can look up to this wonderful person as an inspiration to never give up and follow your dreams, no matter how great or small. NASA is trying to help girls reach these dreams. That’s why they built the new website for girls who are interested in science, technology, engineering, and math called aspire 2 inspire, or a2i. This website shares videos of women who work at NASA in these fields, and how they would like to encourage girls to do the same.
Here is the link to the a2i website: http://women.nasa.gov/a2i/
If you want to become an astronaut, love science, or want to do a fun activity to earn another badge, there is a way to do just that. If you go to Space Camp, you can earn a “Space Exploration” badge. By doing research, building models, contacting scientists, going to Space Camp, and more, you could easily have another patch on your vest or sash. So what are you waiting for? Go get your badge, have some fun, and with the help of this inspirational astronaut, FOLLOW YOUR DREAMS!!!
By: Hayley P.
Girls, listen you don’t have to have to have a boyfriend on Valentine’s Day to enjoy the fun. Valentine’s Day is not just about boys it is about family too. Valentine’s Day is when you show the people you love how much you love them.
Here is some history on Valentine’s Day. Every February 14, across the US candy, flowers and gifts are exchanged between loved ones. This tradition of giving gifts began from ancient Roman rituals and the customs of Victorian England.
A Roman general in the third-century said that men that were not married fought better than those who were married. So he banned married men from his army. If he caught his men with a woman he would put him to death. See these many men could not have any contact with women therefore proves you can live without a boyfriend. A family and friends are all you need to be happy.
By: Emily S.
Hey Party People! I’ve got a special article just for you! It is how to plan the perfect party! For those who like throwing parties with a dash of creativity, this is the activity for you.
There are eight steps to plans the most amazing party. Here they are!
- Give your party a theme. All parties need themes!
- Create a guest list. No party is complete without friends.
- Send out invitations. There is no other way to say, “Come to my party.” than an extra creative party invitation.
- Order your decorations. Those are absolutely essential.
- Get a cake. This will most definitely sweeten things up.
- Plan some games. A party isn’t a party without your guests having fun. For some game suggestions my next article.
- Assemble some good bags. Nothing says, “Thank you for coming to my party” in this special way.
- The last and most important thing is…Have fun! What’s the point of a get together if the host and guests aren’t having fun?
If you follow these steps, you’ll be one step closer to having the most sensational party your friends (and you) will have ever experienced!
Bye for now!
By: Emily S.
Hey all you party planners! Since you now know how to plan a party, why not make it better with some games and activities for your guests to enjoy?
To help you choose, I have included the results of a survey I have taken on which game is preferred at a party. The choices were Monopoly, Clue, Apples to Apples, Sorry, Uno and Scrabble. I surveyed a hundred people total.
Results: Amazingly Monopoly, Uno and Apples to Apples each got 21 votes. Clue got 15 votes, Sorry got 10 votes and Scrabble got 12 votes.
Based on the results, you should either choose to play Monopoly, Uno or Apples to Apples your party. Your party will be a huge success, guaranteed and make sure to invite me too! (Tee-Hee :) )
By: Jessica C.
It’s 8:01 A.M. You jump out of bed in a panic, having missed your alarm for school. You search your closet for that favorite purple shirt you were planning to wear today, but to no avail. You tear apart your dressers, and even throw clothes around on the floor and dirty laundry bin. You glance once more at the clock, and it’s now been half-an-hour you’ve wasted looking for your shirt. Disappointed, you just throw on an old t-shirt and head to school, late. If only you had known how to organize your closet.
Time management is an important skill in life and being organized is a major contributor to successful time management. Why not start with organizing your closet?
The first step to organizing your closet is to take everything out. That’s right- everything! Go through your clothes one by one and ask yourself, do I really want this anymore? If you haven’t worn it in the past few months, or have worn it very little, the chances are you probably don’t need it. If you’re not in love with it, put it aside in a pile to give to a charity organization and that way it will go to someone who needs it.
After eliminating your unwanted clothes, go through the remainder of clothes and sort everything by season; Spring and Summer, Fall and Winter. Whichever of those two seasons it’s not fold those clothes into a box and store the box somewhere like under your bed. You can then switch all your clothes from box to closet when the seasons change.
Now you should have fewer clothes so it will be easier to sort them. Sort the remainder into four different color categories. I recommend black, blue, pink, and white. Hang your clothes accordingly in your closet. This is surprisingly simple way to keep organized, because of this is the way clothes are washed. Clothes are washed in darks, reds, and whites, so after each wash cycle you can easily put that color in it’s spot all at the same time. It’s also easy because you’ll always know right where to look for your shirt if you know the season and color.
As for organizing the rest of your clothes, pants and dirty clothes to be exact, use laundry bins and dressers. Laundry bins are sold at most stores like Target or Wal-Mart. If you don’t want to buy one, you can simply use a big box and decorate it to match your room. Put the laundry bin in the most common spot for you to change your clothes.
To organize your dresser, use one drawer for underwear, one drawer for socks, one drawer for pants, and one drawer for miscellaneous clothes such as pajamas or hoodies. Fold and sort your pants by type and color; jeans, blue pants, black pants, red pants, and white pants.
Once you’ve have this system down, you’ll have much better time management. You will realize what color your floor is once all the clothes are put away, and you’ll hopefully even be able to sleep in later without having to worry about where to find your favorite purple shirt.
By: Sierra J.
Series: The Missing
This book is about teens who don’t feel like they belong in this world. All of the teens in the book Found by Margaret Peterson Haddix know they are adopted, but none of them know were born. The main characters Jonah, Chip, and Katherine (who is Jonah’s non-adopted sister) go through a series of adventures and meet other adopted teens. The teens have they same information about their background, they don’t know what they are from. The teens get involved with some people who know the their secret, but have different ideas of how they should live. When the teens discover their origin, the only thing the they can say is. “I knew I didn’t belong there. This is where I belong.”